Kamble, Sanjay P and Deshpande, Gunavant and Barve, Prashant P and Rayalu, Sadhana and Labhsetwar, Nitin and Malyshew, Alexander and Kulkarni, Bhaskar D (2010) Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution by alumina of alkoxide nature: Batch and continuous operation. Desalination, 264. pp. 15-23. ISSN 0011-9164

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In this investigation, we report the adsorption potential of alkoxide origin alumina for defluoridation of drinking water using batch and continuous mode of operations. The effects of different operating parameters such as adsorbent dose, initial fluoride concentration, pH of the solution and interfering ions (usually present in groundwater) were studied with a view to understand the adsorption behavior of the material under various conditions. A thermodynamic study shows that the adsorption of fluoride by alkoxide origin alumina is an exothermic and spontaneous process. The kinetic results showed that the fluoride sorption follows pseudo-second-order kinetics. The applicability of adsorbent in the field is also tested through column breakthrough studies. It has been observed that with an increase in the flow rate and initial fluoride concentration, the breakthrough curve becomes sharper and the breakthrough time and adsorbed fluoride ion concentration decrease. The breakthrough curve also becomes steeper as the bed height increases. The alkoxide origin alumina based adsorbent media can be used directly for field applications since it is also commercially available in granular form.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fluoride; Alkoxide Alumina; Adsorption; Breakthrough Studies; Kinetic Modeling
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Nitin Labhasetwar
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 09:51
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 09:51
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1015

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