Thakare, Dilip and Jagtap, Sneha and Sakhare, Nikita and Labhsetwar, Nitin and Meshram, Siddharth and Rayalu, Sadhana (2010) Chitosan based mesoporous Ti–Al binary metal oxide supported beads for defluoridation of water. Chemical Engineering Journal, 158. pp. 315-324. ISSN 1385-8947

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In the present study, the performance of Ti–Al binary metal oxide supported beads using chitosan template was studied for fluoride removal from drinking water. The adsorbent was synthesized by precipitation method and characterized using FTIR, SEM, XRD and BET. The higher surface area of the synthesized adsorbent 323.83m2/g results in a much higher fluoride removal capacity Qmax = 2.22mgg−1 as compared to bare chitosan. Pore size of beads is 42.97 Å, suggesting mesoporous nature of adsorbent. Material works very effectively at all pH except at pH greater than 9. The presence of carbonate and bicarbonate ions showed significant decline in the fluoride removal capacity of adsorbent. The experimental data fitted well to Langmuir adsorption model. The kinetic studies indicate that the system follows the pseudo-second-order and intra-particle diffusion model. Thermodynamic study reveals that the fluoride adsorption by Ti–Al binary metal oxide supported beads is an exothermic and spontaneous process. Alum appears to be the promising regeneration media showing 80% regeneration. The applicability of the adsorbent for fluoride removal was tested in field water collected from the Dhar district in Madhaya Pradesh, India.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fluoride Removal; Binary Oxide; Chitosan; Adsorption Isotherm; Thermodynamic Parameters
Subjects: Materials Science
Depositing User: Dr. Nitin Labhasetwar
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2018 10:51
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 10:51

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