Godfreya, S and Labhasetwar, P K and Wate, S R (2009) Greywater reuse in residential schools in Madhya Pradesh, India—A case study of cost–benefit analysis. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53. pp. 287-293.

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Greywater treatment and reuse systems were constructed in residential schools (Schools) in Madhya Pradesh, India and treated greywater was used for toilet flushing and irrigating the food crops. Cost–benefit analysis was undertaken for greywater reuse by considering internal and external costs and benefits. The internal costs consist of construction of a greywater reuse systemaswell as the operation and maintenance costs. The construction cost (material and labour costs) equalled Indian Rupee (INR) 50,300 (1 USD= 42.5 INR) and operation and maintenance cost is INR 5725 per year. Internal benefits were estimated to be INR 30,000 per year due to the reduction in tankered water. Appropriate valuation methodologies were applied to monetize external benefits such as savings on water nfrastructure, reuse of pollutants such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (equivalent to market cost of chemical fertilizer). Monetary values of external benefits and costs in terms of environmental and health benefits were derived by using scientific references. The environmental and health benefitswere estimated as INR 44,000 and INR 793,380 respectively. In summary, the internal and external benefits of greywater reuse are substantially higher than the internal and external costs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Water Use
Depositing User: Users 8 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2021 08:11
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2012 05:55
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/113

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