Shalini Dhyani, Shalini Dhyani and Shruti Lahoti, Shruti Lahoti and Shubhankar Khare, Shubhankar Khare and Paras Pujari, Paras Pujari and Parikshit Verma, Parikshit Verma (2018) Ecosystem based Disaster Risk Reduction approaches (EbDRR) as a prerequisite for inclusive urban transformation of Nagpur City, India. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 32. pp. 95-105. ISSN 2212-4209, ESSN: 2212-4209

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Nagpur city is among the fastest growing agglomerations of Central India. The city is considered to be a forerunner in sustainable development amist the rapid urbanization occurring in India. Though, selected under the “smart city” project launched by the Indian government, the city faces many urban challenges ineffectively addressed by the current development plan. Haphazard and rapid infrastructural development without any comprehensive plan is leading to urban sprawl that compromises urban green infrastructure across the city. It excludes utilizing benefits of nature and ecosystem services to complement and reduce urban stress. This has led to wetland reductions, reduced water infiltration affecting the water table and causing water shortage, flash floods, significant loss of vegetation cover and biodiversity across the city and increased heat island effects. These issues along with current approach that discounts the importance of ecosystems-based approach has put forward many challenges and a question with regard to sustaining “green image of the city”. To reduce risk against uncertainties, it is imperative to understand human-environment connections that involves diverse values and ecosystem services provided by the natural environment of the cities. Present study is a review of major issues raised due to un-planned development and addresses the feasibility and appropriateness of using the EbDRR approach. Environmental engineering based approaches having potential to transform Nagpur City into to a “smart city” can set an example for other Indian cities to follow. This article facilitates understanding and practical applications of ecosystem based approaches and practices to counter negative impact of urbanization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nagpur; Smart City; Urbanization; Ecosystem Services; Ecosystem Based Approaches; Disaster Risk Reduction
Subjects: Environmental Resources, Conservation
Hydrobiology, Ecology etc.
Depositing User: Mr. RK Lohiya
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2019 05:11
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2019 05:11

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