Srivastava, Vartika and Srivastava, Tanmay and Kumar, M. S. (2019) Fate of the persistent organic pollutant (POP)Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and remediation challenges. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 140. pp. 43-56. ISSN 0964-8305

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (881Kb) | Request a copy


Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are hazards to human health and exhibit harmful effects to the environment, owing to their typically lipophilic and bio-accumulative nature. Chlorinated compounds are most relevant within the classical POPs, which are both toxic and hazardous. Lindane, ‘γ’ isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane (γ- HCH), is one such organochlorine compound primarily used as a fumigant and an insecticide in agriculture. Due to its continuous use in the past decade throughout the world and severe environmental impacts in terms of toxicity and threats, there is an urgent need to develop cleaning up and remediation strategies for the lindanecontaminated sites. Being electron deficient due to its highly chlorinated nature, the degradation pathway of γ- HCH is previously thought to be generally under anaerobic condition via reductive dechlorination. But both aerobic and anaerobic degradation pathways are suggested for HCH isomers and biodegradation pathway of lindane has been completely elucidated in Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26. Many bioremediation technologies viz. biostimulation, bioaugmentation, bioreactor systems have been employed so far for the treatment of HCH contaminated soil. However, the potential of these strategies has been tested at the laboratory scale and should be implemented for field-scale treatment of soil and aquatic systems contaminated with lindane and other HCH isomers. This review focuses on the fundamentals about the biodegradation and also various technologies utilized for full-scale remediation of HCH contamination in sediment and soils.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH); Lindane; Biodegradation Pathways; Bioremediation Technologies; Limitations
Subjects: Microbiology
Depositing User: Mr. RK Lohiya
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2019 05:48
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2019 05:48

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item