Kalawapudi, Komal and Singh , Taruna and Dey, Jaydip and Vijay, Ritesh and Kumar, Rakesh (2020) Noise pollution in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR): An emerging environmental threat. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192 (152). ISSN 0167-6369 (Print); 1573-2959 (E)

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Noise pollution in urban areas is an emerging environmental threat which local agencies and state authorities must consider in planning and development. Excessive noise is becoming a significant problem adversely affecting the physiological and psychological health of the citizens. Present study was carried out to assess and quantitatively evaluate ambient noise levels in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) consisting of 9 cities namely Bhiwandi-Nizampur, Kalyan-Dombivli, Mira-Bhayandar, Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Panvel, Thane, Ulhasnagar and Vasai-Virar. The noise environment was assessed on the basis of equivalent continuous sound pressure levels (Leq), day-night noise levels (LDN) and noise limit exceedance factor (NEF) during day and night time of working and non-working days in four different area categories, viz. industrial, commercial, residential and silence zones. Present study shows that silence zones have been the worst affected areas where noise pollution levels and NEF indicate excessive violation of permissible noise limits due to unplanned, congested and unruly spaces for developmental and commercial activities, followed closely by residential and commercial zones. Cities with separate industrial and commercial zones showed less noisy surroundings in comparison with those cities where land use pattern of industrial and commercial zones is around or overlapping each other. It can thus be concluded that appropriate demarcation and planned use of city space is important to avoid exposure to rising noise pollution levels. Based on the noise pollution in (MMR), various control measures are suggested including awareness campaign and strict compliance of the rules and regulations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Noise Pollution; Noisemonitoring; Mumbai Metropolitan Region; Day-night Noise Levels (LDN); Noise Limit Exceedance Factor (NEF)
Subjects: Noise Pollution
Depositing User: Ms Komal Kalawapudi
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 09:28
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 09:28
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1257

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