Sophia, Carmalin A and Swaminathan, K and Sandhya, S (2007) Microbially-influenced degradation of solidified/stabilized metal waste. Bioresource Technology, 98 (13). pp. 2562-2567. ISSN 0960-8524

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In the present study, a refined microbially-influenced degradation method was used to evaluate the stability of a solidified synthetic waste containing chromium salt, cement and fly ash in two different proportions. The experimental samples showed evidence of microbial growth by leaching of sulfate. Chromium leached by Thiobacillus thiooxidans from the experimental samples ‘C1’ (10.26% CrCl3 Æ6H2O; 89.74% cement) and ‘FC1’ (10.26% CrCl3 Æ6H2O; 10% fly ash; 79.74% cement), after 30 days of exposure was 14.53 mg/g and 9.53 mg/g, respectively. The corresponding concentration of chromium in the leachate was 0.189 mg/l and 0.124 mg/l, respectively, which was lower than the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), regulatory limit (5 mg/l). Replacement of cement by 10% fly ash in FC1 restricted the leaching of chromium more effectively. Model equations based on two shrinking core models namely, acid dissolution and bulk diffusion model, were used to analyze the kinetics of microbial degradation. Of the two approaches, the bulk diffusion model fit the data better than the acid dissolution model as indicated by the correlation coefficients of >0.97.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solidified waste; Microbially-Influenced Degradation; Thiobacillus Thiooxidans; Shrinking Core Models
Subjects: Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Solid Waste Characterization
Solid Waste Treatment & Disposal
Environmental Pollution
Depositing User: Dr Carmalin Sophia
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 07:33
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2014 07:33

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