Sophia, Carmalin A and Swaminathan, K (2005) Assessment of the mechanical stability and chemical leachability of immobilized electroplating waste. Chemosphere, 58 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 0045-6535

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The effectiveness of cement based treatment technology, in immobilizing chromium laden electroplating sludge was assessed by conducting toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP). The mechanical stability of the blocks was tested by measuring the compressive strength. Other leaching tests such as NEN 7341 test, ANS 16.1 and multiple TCLP (MTCLP) test conducted on select solidified blocks showed that chromium was immobilized by the binder studied. A linear relationship was obtained between the cumulative fraction of chromium leached (CFL) and square root of time in the solidified samples proving that diffusion is the controlling mechanism for leaching of chromium. The leachability indices (LI) obtained for the solidified materials using cement and cement-fly ash system (EPC6, EPFC6A and EPFC6B) satisfy the guidance value as per US NRC, which clearly indicates that chromium is well retained within the solid matrix. Chromium concentrations in the TCLP leachates of the above mix ratios were well within the regulatory level of United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Molecular characterization of the solidified material was carried out using Fourier transformation infra red (FTIR) technique.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stabilization; Solidification; Heavy Metals; Portland Cement; Fly Ash; Leachability Index
Subjects: Industrial Wastewater Treatment & Disposal
Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Solid Waste Treatment & Disposal
Waste Utilization
Environmental Pollution
Water Pollution
Depositing User: Dr Carmalin Sophia
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 07:39
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2014 07:39

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