Sophia, Carmalin A (2015) MICROBIAL LEACHING OF CHROMIUM FROM SOLIDIFIED WASTE FORMS – A KINETIC STUDY. Ecological Engineering, 16 (3). pp. 36-42. ISSN 2299-8993

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In this study, Thiobacillus thiooxidans (T. thiooxidans) was used to study the microbial stability / degradation of cement-based waste forms. The waste forms contained a chromium salt (CrCl3·6H2O), cement and other additives viz., lime and gypsum in two different proportions. The experimental samples of all the simulated waste forms showed evidence of microbial growth as indicated by substantial increase in sulfate. Chromium leached from the waste forms was found to be lowest in cement – lime solidified waste forms (0.061 mg·l-1) and highest in cement gypsum waste forms (0.22 mg·l-1) after 30 days of exposure. These values were lower than the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), regulatory limit (5 mg·l-1). Model equations based on two shrinking core models (acid dissolution and bulk diffusion model), were used to analyze the kinetics of microbial degradation of cement based waste forms. The bulk diffusion model was observed to fit the data better than the acid dissolution model, as indicated by good correlation coefficients

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thiobacillus Thiooxidans; Microbial Degradation; Shrinking Core Model
Subjects: Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Solid Waste Treatment & Disposal
Waste Utilization
Depositing User: Dr Carmalin Sophia
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 07:15
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 07:33

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