Dhyani, Shalini and Dhyani, Deepak (2016) Strategies for Reducing Deforestation and Disaster Risk: Lessons from Garhwal Himalaya, India. In: Ecosystem-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice. Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research, 42 (42). Springer , Switzerland, pp. 507-528. ISBN 978-3-319-43633-3

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Forest ecosystem services are significant for local communities, especially for mountain communities dependent on natural resources. This chapter examines the contribution of forests to local communities dwelling at various elevations (from 1400 to 2800 m.a.s.l.) in Upper Kedarnath Valley of Garhwal, India. It is based on a study which provides an overview of common fodder extraction practices in the region and their impact on disaster risk. The research pointed to exceptional variations in temperature, snowfall and rainfall intensity that were reported in the past three decades. According to local communities, during this period deforestation and forest degradation were the result of land conversion, construction of hydropower dams, and increased biomass extraction particularly for firewood and fodder production as well as extraction of forest products. Extreme climate events and disasters are closely linked to these forest cover changes. The research showed that livestock per household, individuals per household involved in fodder harvesting, and the altitude of the village are important factors affecting forest health, or forest degradation patterns, respectively. The study provides an overview of impact of climate variabilities and forest degradation on local communities. Fodder banks are discussed as a nature-based (or ecosystem-based) solution that can address forest degradation in the Indian Himalayan Region and neighboring mountain countries. The approach is based on the principles of ‘community and ecosystem management’ to provide an alternative for fodder resources to local communities. Efforts from this practical experience reflect the need of proactive planning to enhance adaptive capacities of mountain communities in India and South Asia in general. This study is intended to enable more effective targeting of forest management interventions to reconcile the goals of poverty reduction and forest conservation.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Garhwal; Disaster Risk; Natural Solutions; Fodder Bank; Community Participation
Subjects: Rural Environmental Issues
Natural Hazards
Environment General, Sustainable Development
Environmental Resources, Conservation
Environmental Impact
Environmental Management
Environmental Standards
Regional Environment
Depositing User: Dr. Shalini Dhyani
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 12:22
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2017 12:22
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/652

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