Kathiravan, Mathur Nadarajan and Praveen, Siluvai Antony and Gim , Geun Ho and Han , Gui Hawn and Kim , Si Wouk (2014) Biodegradation of Methyl Orange by alginate-immobilized Aeromonas sp. in a packed bed reactor: external mass transfer modeling. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 37 (11). pp. 2149-2162. ISSN 1615-7591 (Print) 1615-7605 (Online)

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Azo dyes are recalcitrant and xenobiotic nature makes these compounds a challenging task for continuous biodegradation up to satisfactorily levels in large-scale. In the present report, the biodegradation efficiency of alginate immobilized indigenous Aeromonas sp. MNK1 on Methyl Orange (MO) in a packed bed reactor was explored. The experimental results were used to determine the external mass transfer model. Complete MO degradation and COD removal were observed at 0.20 cm bead size and 120 ml/h flow rate at 300 mg/l of initial dye concentration. The degradation of MO decreased with increasing bead sizes and flow rates, which may be attributed to the decrease in surface of the beads and higher flux of MO, respectively. The experimental rate constants (kps) for various beads sizes and flow rates were calculated and compared with theoretically obtained rate constants using external film diffusion models. From the experimental data, the externaL mass transfer effect was correlated with a model JD = K Re-(1 - n) . The model was tested with K value (5.7) and the Colburn factor correlation model for 0.20, 0.40 and 0.60 bead sizes were JD = 5.7 Re-0.15, JD = 5.7 Re-0.36 and JD = 5.7 Re-0.48, respectively. Based on the results, the Colburn factor correlation models were found to predict the experimental data accurately. The proposed model was constructive to design and direct industrial applications in packed bed reactors within acceptable limits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Immobilization; MO Degradation; External Mass Transfer; COD; Bed Reactor; Colburn Factor
Subjects: Industrial Wastewater Treatment & Disposal
Environmental Biotechnology
Water Treatment
Depositing User: Er Praveen Siluvai Antony
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 11:58
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2017 11:58
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/658

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