Salve, P R and Gobre, T and Lohakare, H and Krupadam, R J and Bansiwal, A. and Ramteke , D S and Wate, S R (2011) Source identification and variation in the chemical composition of rainwater at coastal and industrial areas of India. Journal of Atmospheric chemistry, 68 (3). pp. 183-198. ISSN 0167-7764 (Print) 1573-0662 (Online)

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Studies on precipitation chemistry were carried out to understand the nature and sources of rainwater at Rameswaram and NTPC Dadri, India representing coastal and industrial region during 2010. The rainwater samples, collected at these locations, were analyzed for major ions and pH. The data were assessed for its quality. The pH of rainwater at two locations varied from 5.53 to 6.73 and 5.1–6.6, indicating alkaline nature except a few acidic events. The dominance of Cl− and Na+ were observed in coastal environment whereas dominance of Ca2+ was seen in industrial environment. The nss-SO42- (37.9%) at Rameswaram is less influenced by anthropogenic activities whereas nss-SO42- (72.5%) at NTPC Dadri is influenced by pollutants emitted by anthropogenic sources. The ratio of H+/ (NO3- + SO42-) was observed as 0.04 and 0.008 for Rameswaram and NTPC Dadri which is close to zero, indicate 99.99% of acidity was neutralized in precipitation. Ca2+, NH4+ and Mg2+ play an important role in neutralization of acidic ions in rainwater. For source identification, correlation matrix analysis was established, which showed that in general, at both sites; correlation between the acidic ions SO42- and NO3- indicating their origin from similar sources, because of the similarity in their behavior in precipitation and the coemissions of their precursors SO2 and NOX. The correlation coefficient of (SO42- + NO3-) vs (Ca2+) at Rameswaram and NTPC Dadri were 0.77 and 0.87 indicates that CaCO3 is the major neutralizing agent for both the region. Overall, the influence of marine, terrestrial and anthropogenic sources was observed in the rain events

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coastal; Industrial; Major Ions; Rainwater Chemistry
Subjects: Water Quality
Water Pollution
Depositing User: Dr P R Salve
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 05:05
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 05:05

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