Srivastava, Anjali and Majumdar, Dipanjali (2007) Hazardous air pollutants in industrial area of Mumbai – India. Chemosphere, 69 (3). pp. 458-468. ISSN 0045-6535

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Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) have a potential to be distributed into different component of environment with varying persistence. In the current study fourteen HAPs have been quantified in the air using TO-17 method in an industrial area of Mumbai. The distribution of these HAPs in different environmental compartments have been calculated using multi media mass balance model, TaPL3, along with long range transport potential and persistence. Results show that most of the target compounds partition mostly in air. Phenol and trifluralin, partition predominantly into soil while ethyl benzene and xylene partition predominantly into vegetation compartment. Naphthalene has the highest persistence followed by ethyl benzene, xylene and 1,1,1 trihloro ethane. Long range transport potential is maximum for 1,1,1 trichloroethane. Assessment of human health risk in terms of non-carcinogenic hazard and carcinogenic risk due to exposure to HAPs. have been estimated for industrial workers and residents in the study area considering all possible exposure routes using the output from TaPL3 model. The overall carcinogenic risk for residents and workers are estimated as high as unity along with very high hazard potential.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: VOCs; Multimedia Model; Exposure Risk; Hazard Index; HAPs; Mumbai
Subjects: Air Pollution
Depositing User: Dr Dipanjali Majumdar
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2017 07:43
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 07:43

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