Deshmukh, Radhika and Khardenavis, Anshuman and Purohit, H J (2016) Diverse Metabolic Capacities of Fungi for Bioremediation. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 56 (3). pp. 247-264. ISSN 0046-8991 (print version) 0973-7715 (electronic version)

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Bioremediation refers to cost-effective and environment-friendly method for converting the toxic, recalcitrant pollutants into environmentally benign products through the action of various biological treatments. Fungi play a major role in bioremediation owing to their robust morphology and diverse metabolic capacity. The review focuses on different fungal groups from a variety of habitats with their role in bioremediation of different toxic and recalcitrant compounds; persistent organic pollutants, textile dyes, effluents from textile, bleached kraft pulp, leather tanning industries, petroleum, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, and pesticides. Bioremediation of toxic organics by fungi is the most sustainable and green route for cleanup of contaminated sites and we discuss the multiple modes employed by fungi for detoxification of different toxic and recalcitrant compounds including prominent fungal enzymes viz., catalases, laccases, peroxidases and cyrochrome P450 monooxygeneses. We have also discussed the recent advances in enzyme engineering and genomics and research being carried out to trace the less understood bioremediation pathways.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioremediation; Recalcitrant Compounds; Ligninolytic Enzymes; White-rot Fungi; Laccase
Subjects: Industrial Wastewater Treatment & Disposal
Industrial Wastewater Reuse Recycle Recovery
Solid and Hazardous Wastes
Environmental Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr Anshuman Khardenavis
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 09:38
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 09:38

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