Tarale, Prashant and Chakrabarti, Tapan and Sivanesan, Saravanadevi and Naoghare, Pravin and Bafana, Amit and Krishnamurthi, Kannan (2016) Potential Role of Epigenetic Mechanism in Manganese Induced Neurotoxicity. BioMed Research International. pp. 1-18. ISSN 2314-6133, ESSN: 2314-6141

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Manganese is a vital nutrient and is maintained at an optimal level (2.5–5 mg/day) in human body. Chronic exposure to manganese is associated with neurotoxicity and correlated with the development of various neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease. Oxidative stress mediated apoptotic cell death has been well established mechanism in manganese induced toxicity. Oxidative stress has a potential to alter the epigenetic mechanism of gene regulation. Epigenetic insight of manganese neurotoxicity in context of its correlation with the development of parkinsonism is poorly understood. Parkinson’s disease is characterized by the �-synuclein aggregation in the form of Lewy bodies in neuronal cells. Recent fndings illustrate that manganese can cause overexpression of �-synuclein. �-Synuclein acts epigenetically via interaction with histone proteins in regulating apoptosis. �-Synuclein also causes global DNA hypomethylation through sequestration of DNA methyltransferase in cytoplasm. An individual genetic difference may also have an influence on epigenetic susceptibility to manganese neurotoxicity and the development of Parkinson’s disease. Tis review presents the current state of fndings in relation to role of epigenetic mechanism in manganese induced neurotoxicity, with a special emphasis on the development of Parkinson’s disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environmental Health
Depositing User: Dr Krishnamurthi Kannan
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2017 17:11
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2017 17:11
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/753

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