Karar, Kakoli and Gupta, A K and Animesh, Kumar and Biawas, Arun Kanti (2006) CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOURCES OF CHROMIUM, ZINC, LEAD, CADMIUM, NICKEL, MANGANESE AND IRON IN PM10 PARTICULATES AT THE TWO SITES OF KOLKATA, INDIA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 120. pp. 347-360.

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Monitoring of ambient PM10 (particulate matter which passes through a size selective impactor inlet with a 50% efficiency cut-off at 10μm aerodynamic diameter) has been done at residential (Kasba) and industrial (Cossipore) sites of an urban region of Kolkata during November 2003 to November 2004. These sites were selected depending on the dominant anthropogenic activities.Metal constituents of atmospheric PM10 deposited on glass fibre filter paper were estimated using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer (ICP-AES). Chromium (Cr), zinc (Zn),lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) are the seven toxic trace metals quantified from the measured PM10 concentrations. The 24 h average concentrations of Cr, Zn, Pb,Cd, Ni, Mn and Fe from ninety PM10 particulate samples of Kolkata were found to be 6.9, 506.1,79.1, 3.3, 7.4, 2.4 and 103.6 ng/m3, respectively. The 24 h average PM10 concentration exceeded national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS) as specified by central pollution control board, India at both residential (Kasba) and industrial (Cossipore) areas with mean concentration of 140.1 and 196.6μg/m3, respectively. A simultaneous meteorology study was performed to assess the influence of air masses by wind speed, wind direction, rainfall, relative humidity and temperature. The measured toxic trace metals generally showed inverse relationship with wind speed, relative humidity and temperature. Factor analysis, a receptor modeling technique has been used for identification of the possible sources contributing to the PM10. Varimax rotated factor analysis identified four possible sources of measured trace metals comprising solid waste dumping, vehicular traffic with the influence of road dust, road dust and soil dust at residential site (Kasba), while vehicular traffic with the influence of soil dust, road dust, galvanizing and electroplating industry, and tanning industry at industrial site (Cossipore).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environmental Pollution
Water Pollution
Chemistry, Chemical Technology
Water Treatment
Depositing User: Users 4 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 06:44
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2011 06:44
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/80

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