Moradeeya, Pareshkumar G and Madhava, Anil Kumar and Thorat, Ravikumar B and Rathod, Manali and Khambhaty, Yasmin and Shaik , Basha (2017) Nanocellulose for biosorption of chlorpyrifos from water: chemometric optimization, kinetics and equilibrium. Cellulose , 24 (3). pp. 1319-1332. ISSN 0969-0239, ESSN: 1572-882X

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The study explores the biosorption potential of nanocellulose (NC) to remove an insecticide, chlorpyrifos (CP), from aqueous solutions using the batch method. Biosorption kinetics were very fast and reached equilibrium in 60 min, and the experimental kinetic data had fit well with the pseudo-second-order model. Film diffusion was the rate-limiting step for the biosorption of CP onto crystalline nanocellulose (CNC). The equilibrium sorption was well described by the Sips and Langmuir isothermmodels. The values of maximum sorption capacities (7.237–5.017 mg/g for the Sips and 12.325–7.247 mg/g for the Langmuir model) decreased with an increase in temperature from 288 to 308 K, signifying biosorption of CP is an exothermic process. Based on the central composite design (CCD), two-factor interaction (2FI) and quadratic models, the correlation between the effects of variable parameters on the CP biosorption onto NC was evaluated. The chemometric analyses suggested that 1.5 g/l NC required 20 min to biosorb 5 mg/l CP to yield an efficiency of 99.3%. Overall, the results demonstrated that NCs can be a promising biosorbent for the removal of pesticides from aqueous streams.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocellulose; Chlorpyrifos; Biosorption; Isotherm; Kinetics; Central Composite Design
Subjects: Water Pollution
Depositing User: Dr. Basha Shaik
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2017 07:06
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2017 07:06

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