Tiwari, Sarita and Sarangi, B K and Thul, S T (2016) Identification of arsenic resistant endophytic bacteria from Pteris vittata roots and characterization for arsenic remediation application. Journal of Environmental Management, 180. pp. 359-365. ISSN 0301-4797, ESSN: 1095-8630

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Mitigation of arsenic (As) pollution is a topical environmental issue of high R&D priority. The present investigation was carried out to isolate As resistant endophytes from the roots of Indian ecotype Pteris vittata and characterize their As transformation and tolerance ability, plant growth promoting charac- teristics and their role to facilitate As uptake by the plant. A total of 8 root endophytes were isolated from plants grown in As amended soil (25 mg As kg�1). These isolates were studied for minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), arsenite As(III) e arsenate As(V) transformation ability, plant growth promoting (PGP) characteristics through siderophore, indole acetic acid (IAA) production, phosphatase, ACC deaminase activity, and presence of arsenite oxidase (aox) and arsenite transporter (arsB) genes. On the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analysis, these isolates belong to Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes families under the genera Bacillus, Enterobacter, Stenotrophomonas and Rhizobium. All isolates were found As tolerant, of which one isolates showed highest tolerance up to 1000 mg L�1 concentration in SLP medium. Five isolates were IAA positive with highest IAA production up to 60 mg/L and two isolates exhibited siderophore activity. Phosphatase activity was shown by only one isolate while ACC deaminase activity was absent in all the isolates. The As transformation study by silver nitrate test showed that only two strains had dual characteristics of As(III) oxidation and As (V) reduction, four strains exhibited either of the characteristics while other two didn’t confirmed any of the two characteristics. Presence of aox gene was detected in two strains and arsB gene in six isolates. The strain with highest As tolerance also showed highest IAA production and occurrence of arsB gene. Present investigation may open up further scope of utilizing these endophytes for up gradation of phytoextraction process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arsenic; Endophytes; Phytoremediation; Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (PGPB)
Subjects: Environment General, Sustainable Development
Environmental Management
Environmental Pollution
Depositing User: Dr Bijaya Sarangi
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 05:57
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 05:57
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/961

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