Tiwari, Sarita and Sarangi, B K (2017) Comparative analysis of antioxidant response by Pteris vittata and Vetiveria zizanioides towards arsenic stress. Ecological Engineering, 100. pp. 211-218. ISSN 0925-8574

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1548Kb) | Request a copy


Antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) reportedly allow plants to combat toxic metal stress. Hydroponic experi- ment was conducted to study the response of antioxidant enzymes under arsenic (As) stress in the fronds and roots of an Indian ecotype of Pteris vittata (As hyperaccumulator) and Vetiveria zizanioides (As non hyperaccumulator). These plants were exposed to different As levels (0, 10, 20, 30 & 50mg As L−1) for 10 days in green house. In P. vittata and V. zizanioides, total As accumulation in biomass increases with increase in As concentrations. Arsenic accumulation was more in the fronds than in the roots of P. vittata, though not in case of V. zizanioides. Arsenic accumulation in total plant biomass of P. vittata and V. zizan- ioides was 879 mg and 785 mg As kg−1 respectively. Enzymatic antioxidants response in P. vittata under As stress showed increased activity in different parts in comparison to control. All enzyme activity was higher in fronds as compared to roots which corresponded to more As accumulation in fronds. Results indicate that enhanced activities of the antioxidant enzymes play a significant role in As tolerance and hyperaccumulation by P. vittata whilst changes in these enzyme activities did not show a specific trend in V. zizanioides under As stress. The results indicate that P. vittata has evolved mechanisms for As detox- ification and hyperaccumulation while V. zizanioides does not, but sustains a moderate level of As stress presumably as excluder.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant Enzymes; Arsenic Treatment; Arsenic Accumulation; Stress Tolerance; Arsenic Hyperaccumulator
Subjects: Environment General, Sustainable Development
Environmental Biotechnology
Environmental Management
Environmental Pollution
Depositing User: Dr Bijaya Sarangi
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 06:00
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 06:00
URI: http://neeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/962

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item